Hot pepper Chili de Arbol originates from Mexico and is also known as Bird Beak Pepper. This long, thin pepper can reach up to 10 - 12½ cm in size. They ripen from green to bright red. They are less hot than the pepper varieties from the Cayenne family. De Arbol means tree like in Spanish and it refers to the wooden stem on top of the pepper.
These peppers are idealy suited for the use in salsas, sauces, sambals, tacos, soups, stir-fries and dishes that need some heat. Height: 60-90 cm. Non hardy annual.
Hot Pepper seeds
Days till harvest
Soak : yes
Indoor sowing: january - february
Outdoor sowing: from may on
Germination: 10 - 21 days
Germination temp.: 25 - 30°C
Sowing depth: shallow - max. ½ cm deep
Transplant: after the second pair of true leaves
Plantdistance: 60 cm
Plant position: Hothouse or greenhouse
Days till harvest: 90 - 120
Soak the seeds about 12 hours prior to sowing in tepid water. This softens the seeds and let them germinate easier. Sow shallow - max. ½ cm deep in good sowing soil and cover them lightly. Keep the soil moist but don't let it get to wet. When you can pinch water out of it then it is too wet. Sow in trays or individual pots and cover them with a lid or some clingfilm. Keep moist, but not wet to prevent the seeds from becoming mouldy.
As soon as the seedlings emerge remove the lid or clingfilm. Transplant the seedlings to individuals pots about a couple of weeks after germination. Put them in very deep pots to give the roots enough space. The rootsystem of hotpeppers is very delicate, so you must be very carefull with it. Put the seedlings in a nice warm and sheltered spot. Preferably in a greenhouse or a hothouse. It is important to prevent that hot pepper varieties pollinate with other varieties, so keep them apart from each other. To harvest your hot peppers simply cut the fruits of with a pair of scissors.